Skin Conditions & Concerns

Do you have a skin condition you need help with?
Not sure where to start or treatment to have?

How to maintain skin health

If you’re reading this article and you have a skin condition, you’re probably in need of some help. 

There are many conditions that affect the skin, but if you’re having trouble finding the right treatment for yourself, here is a list of some strategies to get started, at home and with help from us!

Normal Skin

It can be hard to define normal skin types and characteristics, as they are made up of a degree of characteristics.

When it comes to normal skin, the individual generally will not describe their skin as oily or dry. If oiliness or dryness occurs it is rare and tends to easily be resolved. When it comes to a pore size normal skin types will feature small pores, that are not engorged or easily visible.

Normal skin doesn't normally have a great excess of shine and it also doesn't tend to be cracked or flaky. Normal skin types usually exhibit few lines and wrinkles, and the skin tone is generally even, with no marks or blemishes.

Even if you have a normal skin type with a few blemishes, incorporating our tips for clear skin and following the right skincare regimen can keep your skin looking vibrant and healthy for the future. Normal skin is not a synonym for perfect skin and even those who characterise their skin as normal deal with the occasional blemish or skin issues.

Skin changes over time as well, meaning those that have no skin problems currently could potentially develop issues with age and life events, including pregnancy and menopause. If your hormone levels change for any reason, or you happen to use a product that your skin is sensitive to, this could unbalance your skin.

Those with normal skin type should use products that don’t make their skin feel overly greasy and avoid products that cause excessive dryness. While normal skin types require less maintenance than other skin types. It is important to remain consistent with regular skincare products, in order to maintain a normal skin type.

What you can do at home:
1. Cleanse your skin morning and night. 

2. Exfoliate twice a week with a gentle exfoliator like the Alumier Enzyme Peel or for an exfoliator with gentle beads the Alumier Lotus Scrub. 

3. Moisturise after every cleanse and 

4. SPF every day to protect your skin from any sun damage.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of 3 Mesotherapy treatments can help promote skin health and maintain good skin condition.

Dry Skin

If you have dry skin, you may feel tightness in your skin. There may also be scaly or flaking. Those with dry skin generally have almost invisible pores and may suffer from premature ageing and regular irritation to skin.

The causes of dry skin can be attributed to a variety of factors. For some dry skin is hereditary, as genetic predispositions can affect the amount of sebum produced in the skin's oil glands. Sebum is the oil that keeps our skin soft and supple. Not enough sebum causes dry skin. Too much causes oily skin.

Many assume that dry skin is due to the lack of moisture, but the water content of dry skin is generally similar to that of oily skin. It is the lack of oil/sebum that is the main characteristic of dry skin. Adding water to dry skin can be counterproductive to treating this skin condition.

What you can do at home:
Finding a moisturiser or serum that helps your skin replenish its vibrancy is essential. It’s important to keep up with a regular regimen of skincare products, like a gentle cleanser, cleansing balm or cleansing oil.  

Those with dry skin tend to suffer from allergic reactions and tend to benefit more from creams rather than lotions when it comes to moisturising.

Creams contain more oil, making it thicker and more moisturising. A hyaluronic serum and collagen day cream is suitable for dry skin. Be sure to test any new creams on a small patch first to ensure no allergic reactions.

Apply SPF after the morning routine every day, to help the sensitivity of the skin.

Restore your glow with a regular face mask. Use a mask with lush botanicals for a smooth glowing face.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of 6 Mesotherapy treatments with a hyaluronic serum will help to combat sensitivity and dryness within the skin. The hyaluronic serum restores and retains the moisture within the skin.

A course of 6 chemical peels can help to exfoliate away the dead skin cells and reduce the sensitivity of the skin.

Dehydrated Skin

This is where your skin is lacking water. It can look dry and sometimes feel itchy. And can also look dull and with an uneven skin tone. With dehydrated skin, fine lines can sometimes look more prominent. Dark circles and puffiness around the eyes, dry lips are symptoms of dehydrated skin. The feeling of dry skin, with open pores, is also a sign of dehydration.

It can be confused with dry skin, as the characteristics are similar. Dry skin can be genetic, however, dehydrated skin is due to the environment and the condition can very easily be rectified.

What you can do at home:
Drink 2 litres of water every day. Dehydration is sometimes down to a slow lymphatic system, drinking the water will help to speed it up. Taking multivitamin supplements can help with skin health. Rejuvenated, H3O is a great supplement to take at home. H30 Hydration provides the key minerals and ions necessary to create super healthy and hydrated cells.

Ensure you take care of your skin by cleansing every morning and night with a cleansing oil, balm or a sensitive skin face wash. Use a hydrating serum with hyaluronic acid in and a hydrating moisturiser.

Always wear SPF every day to protect the skin from any harsh weather like the wind or sun.

How Positive Skin can help:
To restore balance within the skin a course of 3 Mesotherapy treatments will help the skin with the missing vitamins, minerals and nutrients it needs to be healthy.

A course of 6 chemical peels can help to remove the dead skin cells and restore the hydration into the skin.

Oily Skin

Those with oily skin tend to notice a shine on their face, this type of skin must be taken care of or it has the potential to lead to more problematic skin conditions like acne.

You've probably asked yourself: Why do I have oily skin? Oily skin is the result of both genetic factors and hormonal changes experienced in an individual's lifetime. Those with a genetic predisposition to active oil glands produce a higher amount of sebum, an oily substance, which coats, moisturises and protects the skin. This oil flows from inside the epidermis to the surface of the skin through the hair follicles. When the body experiences a fluctuation in hormone levels, it signals the production of androgens, a male hormone present in both male and female. This hormone encourages more sebum production.

The production of androgens stimulates an increase in sebum production. When an excess of this oil is produced, it can expand the size of the skin's pores and result in blockages that become pimples and other acne blemishes. Oily skin is more prone to acne breakouts and may feature more blackheads, whiteheads, and pustules or papules. Your pores may be more visible because of their size expansion and your skin may appear greasy throughout the day. If you wear make-up you might find it 'slides' off quite easily.

What you can do at home:
Ensure that you cleanse your skin morning and night with a face wash, water and a face cloth.

Exfoliate with a mild exfoliator with beads 2 to 3 times a week or use a gentle exfoliator that contains salicylic acid, like Alumier Bright and Clear, daily

Moisturise after every cleanse and wear an SPF every day to protect your skin from the sun.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of chemical peels can help remove the excess oil from the skin and exfoliate the dead skin cells before they can turn into acne.

Monthly microdermabrasion can help to exfoliate the dead skin cells away to prevent the build-up of sebum and dead cells in the hair follicles.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin types are usually paler, thinner skin. This skin type can have a lower amount of pigmentation. 

With a thin epidermis, blood vessels are visible on the skin surface. And a sensitive skin type can be prone to blushing, which can be confused with rosacea. People with a sensitive skin type usually have allergies or asthma and the skin type is genetic.

Sensitised skin is a skin condition, that is from environmental factors. Such as pollution, stress, poor diet. Most commonly sensitised skin is from over-processed skin. Over exfoliated, using products that contain alcohol, lanolin or fragranced products.

What you can do at home:
Keep a simple skincare routine at home. 

Cleansing your skin every morning and night with a gentle face wash or face oil will help to calm the skin. Do not use exfoliants, as this can aggravate the skin. 

You should use a soothing moisturiser with shea butter can help to calm the skin, Alumier Recovery Bam contains shea butter and Aloe Vera. Always wear an SPF to protect the skin from becoming inflamed by the sun (whatever the weather). 

The SPF must be a mineral-based product and not a chemical. Chemical SPF can soak into the skin and cause more inflammatory reactions, whereas a broad spectrum mineral SPF will sit on the surface of the skin. 

Supplements like Rejuvenated Skin Perfection Complex are good to take for anti-inflammatory properties.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of LED therapy treatments can help calm the redness and any inflammatory problems the skin may have.

Once the skin has calmed, then a course of peels or micro-needling may help to thicken the epidermis.

Acne Skin

Acne skin is a common skin condition caused by inflammation and a build-up of dead skin cells within the follicles of the skin.

There can be several causes of acne, the first is hormonal changes within the body e.g. puberty or change of the contraceptive pill.

It can also be genetic, if a parent has had acne, the teenager can have acne too.

Acne can also be caused by diet, eating refined sugars or dairy. And stress can be a big factor of acne. Using comedogenic products that contain mineral oil or lanolin can cause blocked follicles and in turn acne.

Excessive keratinisation can cause acne; a buildup of dead skin cells within the follicle.
This can allow the Propionibacterium Acnes (P.Acne bacteria) to grow and cause large inflamed spots.

There are 4 different grades of acne ranging from mild to severe.

Grade 1 Acne Skin
This is where there are minor breakouts which contain blackheads or whiteheads, that are open or closed and the occasional pustules (spots).

What you can do at home:
Ensure that you have a good cleansing routine; wash your skin every morning and night, always apply a moisturiser after every wash and apply SPF in the day.

Exfoliating regularly and using a face mask can help.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of chemical peels can help to reduce the excess sebum and ensure the removal of any excess dead skin cells within the follicle.

Monthly treatment of a peel or microdermabrasion can help to exfoliate the dead skin cells away or regular LED therapy can help destroy the P Acne bacteria and help with any inflammation.

Grade 2 Acne Skin
Many closed comedones (blackheads) and more open comedones. More regular outbreaks of papules and pustules. If picking the spots, scarring can be possible if the spots are picked.

What you can do at home:

A good home care routine will help to manage the acne. Double cleansing every morning and evening with a face wash and moisturise after every cleanse.

Using a serum, like Alumier Acne Balancing Serum can help reduce the acne and prevent new lesions appearing.

Exfoliating with a gentle lotion, like Alumiers Bright and Clear daily will help to remove excess sebum and close the pores.

Wearing an SPF daily will prevent any excessive inflammation from the sun.

Supplements like Rejuvenated Skin Perfecting Complex can help to calm inflamed skin, acne-prone, and stressed polluted city skin.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of chemical peels will help exfoliate and remove any excess sebum and dead skin cells. Combined with LED therapy, together kill the P Acne Bacteria and calm any inflammation.

Grade 3 Acne Skin
Has a lot of comedones, papules and pustules. It is commonly on the face, but can also be found on the back, chest and shoulders.

This grade can sometimes have the occasional cyst or nodule, that can be painful. Scarring is common with this type.

What you can do at home:

A good skincare regime is extremely important with this grade.

Double cleansing morning and night with a face wash and a fresh cloth every time.

Exfoliating with a gentle salicylic acid like Alumier Bright and Clear daily and using a serum like Alumier Acne Balancing Serum that will help calm the acne and prevent any new spots appearing.

Wearing an SPF daily will prevent any excessive inflammation from the sun. Supplements like Rejuvenated Skin Perfecting Complex can help to calm inflamed skin, acne-prone, and stressed polluted city skin.

How Positive Skin can help:
A course of chemical peels can help to calm the inflammation and reduce the sebum and excessive dead skin cells.

This can be combined with LED therapy to combat the P Acne bacteria and inflammation.

Intense Pulse light would also be good to destroy the P Acne bacteria and remove any excess oil within the skin.

A course of Illumi facials, which combines a chemical peel to exfoliate the dead skin cells and the IPL to destroy the bacteria within the follicles.

Grade 4 Acne Skin

This is where the comedones, papules and pustules on the skin are very severe.

There are also cysts and nodules. This is on the face and the trunk of the body. It can sometimes be painful.

What to do at home:

Take extreme care of your skin. Ensure you double cleanse every morning and night with a gentle face wash and use a fresh/clean face cloth with morning and night.

Go to the doctor and get a referral to see a dermatologist, who can recommend a course of action.

How Positive Skin can help:

Once seen by a dermatologist and the grade 4 acne is treated medically. LED therapy could help to soothe and maintain the skin's health.


Rosacea

Rosacea is a common skin condition that is noticeable by the redness of a person's face. It is usually linked with paler skin and the blood capillaries are noticeable on the nose, cheeks and chin predominantly. 

This type of skin can be sensitive to products, so will have to take great care.

It can be linked with an impaired barrier function of the skin. Impaired barrier function is where the barrier of the skin is not working properly and allows bacteria and allergens to enter the skin. 

It causes an autoimmune response. As well as rosacea, this can cause eczema/dermatitis.

What you can do at home:
Avoid spicy food, cheese, caffeine, hot drinks and alcohol, as these can trigger rosacea.

Ensure that you have a simple skincare routine using products that contain less chemicals.

Use a cleansing balm or oil, like Skin Perfusion Cleansing Oil and use lukewarm water when cleansing or bathing.

Use a moisturiser for sensitive skin and always wear a mineral-based SPF to prevent an inflammatory response from the sun.

How Positive Skin can help:
If there is a lot of redness and telangiectasia (thread veins) on the face, then IPL or electrolysis can help to minimise them. 

Having a course of mesotherapy can also help with the skin's barrier function and restore general health to the skin.

Pigmentation Damage

Different types of pigmentation can happen with the skin. Pigmentation can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body. 

The biggest risk factors for general hyperpigmentation are sun exposure and inflammation, as both situations can increase melanin production. 

The greater your exposure to the sun, the greater your risk of increased skin pigmentation. Melasma, which can be called the pregnancy mask, where women tend to find it when they've had children. It can disappear after they have given birth, though sometimes it can stay for years.


What you can do at home:
Having a good skincare routine helps with keeping the skin in a good condition. Using a serum that contains a tyrosine inhibitor can help to reduce the pigmentation. 

The most important factor when trying to reduce pigmentation/sun damage is to always wear an SPF the whole year-round. If you are prone to pigmentation damage it can easily come back.

How Positive Skin can help:
Melasma can be treated with a course of micro-needling. 

Sun damage pigmentation can be treated with a course of micro-needling or a course of IPL Illumi Facials.

Anti-Ageing

This is a condition that affects us all! 

As we get older our skin starts to lose elasticity, wrinkles appear, skin starts to look thinner and hydration is reduced, so the skin can feel dryer.

There are two main factors to ageing. The first is intrinsic ageing, which is the genes we inherit, this factors in 20% of what our skin looks like. And the other 80% is extrinsic, meaning it's the environment that is the biggest factor to ageing skin. 

Factors such as sun damage, air pollution, smoking, stress, medical ailments and medication.

What you can do at home:
Keep a good cleansing routine, morning and night. 

Always take off any makeup at the end of the day. 

Whatever the weather, season or time of year, always wear an SPF, sun damage is the biggest ageing factor.

How Positive Skin can help:
Depending on what stage the ageing process is, many treatments can help with ageing.

A course of mesotherapy can help with skin health and hydration. This will then in turn help to plump out fine lines and help with any uneven tone.

A course of micro-needling can help with fine lines and thin skin, stimulating collagen and elastin production within the skin. It can also help pigmentation damage and uneven skin tone.

A course of 6 radiofrequency treatments can also help with skin tightening and firming, helping to reduce the jowls and stimulating collagen production within the skin.

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