The Different Causes Of Dry Skin And How To Treat It
Dry skin can be a nuisance, leaving skin feeling tight and uncomfortable. It can have a variety of causes, from genetics to environmental factors, and it can be challenging to figure out what's causing it.
Fortunately, there are treatments available that can help alleviate the dryness. We will explore the different causes of dry skin and discuss how to treat it.
Dry skin can be hereditary. Hereditary means that you may be more prone to having dry skin due to your genetic makeup. This type of dry skin is usually most noticeable on the arms, legs, and hands. It can often cause the skin to become scaly, rough, and itchy.
In some cases, hereditary dry skin can also lead to other skin conditions, such as eczema. Eczema is a chronic condition that causes patches of itchy, inflamed skin to develop. The cause of eczema is unknown, but research suggests that genetics play a role in its development.
However, you can still reduce the effects of dry skin by using moisturising creams and lotions regularly. Additionally, consider using natural remedies, such as coconut oil or aloe vera gel, to keep your skin hydrated and soothe any itching or irritation.
Our environment can also be a significant factor in dry skin. The weather can take a toll on our skin. Cold, dry air can remove moisture from the skin, leaving it feeling dry and tight. Central heating systems can also reduce the humidity in our environment, making skin even drier. Harsh exfoliating products can strip away natural oils from the skin, leaving it feeling dry and uncomfortable. As we age, our skin loses its ability to produce enough sebum to keep it moisturised. This is why keeping your skin hydrated is essential regardless of your age.
Using a good moisturiser daily, especially after showering or bathing, is vital in keeping your skin soft and supple. You can also avoid hot showers and baths, use gentle cleansers, and avoid skincare products containing alcohol or fragrances. And do not over-exfoliate your skin, as this can cause sensitivity.
Certain skin disorders can also lead to dry skin. One of the most common is eczema, an itchy, red rash that can appear anywhere on the body. It usually occurs in areas where the skin flexes, such as the elbows and knees. Eczema is often caused by a combination of genetics and environment, including allergies and irritants.
Another condition that can cause dry skin is ichthyosis. This condition is characterised by thickened patches of scaly, dry skin on the arms, legs, and torso. It is often inherited and cannot be cured, but the condition can be managed with moisturisers and topical treatments.
Hormones are chemical messengers that help regulate the body's functions. They affect mood, growth, metabolism and reproduction. When hormones are out of balance or not functioning correctly, it can have an impact on the skin. Hormonal imbalances can cause the skin to become dry, irritated, or even inflamed.
Stress, diet, and exercise all play a role in producing hormones. When stress is high, hormone production can be thrown off balance, leading to dry skin. Eating a balanced diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals can help ensure hormones stay balanced and skin stays healthy. Exercise helps to regulate hormones and can help maintain the skin's hydration levels.
If dry skin persists despite lifestyle changes, it may be time to see a skin therapist.
How You Can Help Dry Skin At Home
Dry skin can be very uncomfortable and lead to further skin issues like irritation and cracking. Fortunately, there are several things that you can do at home to help reduce the discomfort of dry skin and keep it from becoming worse.
First, try incorporating some home remedies into your routine. Aloe vera gel is an excellent moisturiser for dry skin and can be applied directly to the affected area. Oatmeal baths are also highly effective for hydrating skin, as oatmeal contains several compounds that can soothe inflammation and irritation.
You can also invest in a humidifier to add more moisture to the air in your home. This can help reduce dryness, particularly in the winter when the air tends to be drier due to heating. Additionally, omega-3 supplements can increase your body's natural production of sebum, the oil that keeps skin soft and supple.
By implementing these strategies at home, you can start seeing an improvement in your dry skin and reduce the discomfort associated with it.
How A Skin Therapist Can Help
A skin therapist can help with dry skin in several ways. They will start by assessing the individual's skin type and condition to determine the underlying cause and create a treatment plan tailored to the patient's needs.
The treatment plan may include a combination of highly active products and treatments such as Mesotherapy, Microneedling and enzyme treatments. These treatments help to replenish lost moisture, strengthen the skin's barrier function and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and lines.
In addition to the treatments, your skin therapist will recommend an at-home skincare routine that includes a cleanser, moisturiser and other products specifically chosen to nourish dry skin. This homecare routine should be performed daily to help keep skin soft and hydrated.
Your skin therapist will also provide guidance on adjusting lifestyle factors contributing to dry skin, such as diet, exercise and stress levels. By following the recommendations of your skin therapist, you will be able to maintain healthy, hydrated skin.